ETHNIC AND POLITICAL HISTORY OF NAKHCHIVAN: ARMENIAN FIGMENTS AND HISTORICAL REALITIES
Suitable natural geographical features of Nakhchivan created an opportunity for the humans to inhabit here since Stone Age. Material culture samples of Stone Age found in Sabir-Diza (Ordubad region), Shahtakhti (Kangarli region) and Ovchulartapasi (Sharur region) settlements during archeological researches prove the fact that old humans had settled in Nakhchivan million years ago. Excavations in Gazma cave show that life in Nakhchivan still existed in the middle and last phases of Paleolithic period. The study of the signs characteristic for upper Paleolithic period prove that ancient Gazma inhabitants were on the eve of tribal society formation.
History of Nakhchıvan
An ancient land of Azerbaijan, Nakhchivan is one of the first human settlements to give birth to life on Earth. Here the people of Azerbaijan created an ancient and rich culture. At the same time, Nakhchivan is one of the ancient centers of world culture. Nakhchivan is closely linked with Ancient Eastern civilizations like the other districts of Azerbaijan, and has left a deep trace on the course of historical development. A rich historical, scientific and cultural heritage of the Azerbaijani people has emerged here.