Famous artist Shamil Gaziyev was born on March 30, 1908 in the ancient land of Azerbaijan, Irevan. At that time, the Gaziyev family was one of the well-known and intellectual generations of Irevan. As a result of political events in Yerevan and genocides against Muslims, the Gaziyev family, like dozens of Azerbaijanis, moved to Nakhchivan.
NUHCHIKHAN News Agency reports that the visit of military attaches of foreign countries accredited in the Republic of Azerbaijan and their family members to the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic has been organized. During the visit, the guests visited the Heydar Aliyev Museum, the Military Lyceum named after Heydar Aliyev and a number of military facilities.
The Nakhchivan region, all the time had only one dream, to be freed through red Azerbaijan as soon as possible.” It should be noted that in the first months, Soviet power extended only to Nakhchivan and the surrounding villages.
After the establishment of Soviet power in Baku, the situation in Nakhchivan remained very difficult and contradictory. The Communists, who were sent by the Central Committee of the AKP to Nakhchivan, had to conduct active propaganda among the population of the ideas of Soviet power together with the local Bolsheviks. So, authorized XI Red Army comrade. On June 24, 1920, Buniyat-Zade telegraphed the chairman of the Azrevkom N. Narimanov the following: “Soviet power in Nakhchivan: joins the Soviet power of Azerbaijan; there is complete order.” However, in reality the situation in the region was not yet stable for the Bolsheviks. The real power in Nakhchivan was still in the hands of the National Committee and there were still units of Turkish troops led by Khalil-bek.
The ancient land of Nakhchivan, located on the banks of the Araz River, with its rich history, has endowed the treasury of world culture with invaluable personalities. Nakhchivan, which is located above the Araz River due to its geographical conditions, was of great strategic importance. It is as if the Araz River has become the center of Nakhchivan’s recognition in the world. Ancient manuscripts provide brief information about the shape and content of the Araz River.
In the manuscripts, the history of Nakhchivan as the first place of residence and urban development can be traced back to antiquity. Throughout history, Nakhchivan has been famous in the world for its urban artists. The magnificent monuments built by architect Ajami Nakhchivani are considered to be unique pearls of art of the whole East.
It was constituted of the capital city Nakhchivan and 7 administrative regions-Sharur, Babak, Ordubad, Julfa, Kangarli, Shahbuz, Sadarak. There are 5 cities (Nakhchivan, Ordubad, Julfa, Sharur and Shahbuz), 8 settlements, 207 villages.
The Nakhchivan corridor will boost connectivity in the Caucasus
From the perspective of Eurasian connectivity, the Nakhchivan corridor could become part of both north-south and east-west transport corridors that get through the South Caucasus writes Orkhan Baghirov.
Nakhchivan city is the capital of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. The territory is 191,57 km2 with 92.1 thousand population (01.01.2017). The distance from Nakhchivan to Baki constitutes 536 km. It is one of the oldest cities in Azerbaijan.
ETHNIC AND POLITICAL HISTORY OF NAKHCHIVAN: ARMENIAN FIGMENTS AND HISTORICAL REALITIES
Suitable natural geographical features of Nakhchivan created an opportunity for the humans to inhabit here since Stone Age. Material culture samples of Stone Age found in Sabir-Diza (Ordubad region), Shahtakhti (Kangarli region) and Ovchulartapasi (Sharur region) settlements during archeological researches prove the fact that old humans had settled in Nakhchivan million years ago. Excavations in Gazma cave show that life in Nakhchivan still existed in the middle and last phases of Paleolithic period. The study of the signs characteristic for upper Paleolithic period prove that ancient Gazma inhabitants were on the eve of tribal society formation.