Nakhchivan city is the capital of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. The territory is 191,57 km2 with 92.1 thousand population (01.01.2017). The distance from Nakhchivan to Baki constitutes 536 km. It is one of the oldest cities in Azerbaijan.
The big industrial, scientific and cultural centre is situated on the junction of an important railway and automobile transport lines. There is an International Airport.
The city of Nakhchivan is located in the plain of Nakhchivan on the bank of the Nakhchivanchai river. The climate is continental. The average temperature is – 3,8 0C in January, 26,9 0C in July and annual precipitation is 236 mm.
There is 1 military lyceum named after Heydar Aliyev, 3 High Schools, 3 secondary professional schools, 19 secondary schools, the Nakhchivan branch of ANAS, Nakhchivan State Musical Drama Theatre named after J.Mammadguluzadeh, the Puppet Theatre, the Children’s Theatre, The Philarmonic, The Picture Gallery, The Olympic Sports Complex named after Ilham Aliyev, the swimming centre, the sports complex and stadium of “Dynamo” association, the Chess Center, 7 extracurricular and 9 preschool educational institutions, 8 libraries, 4 club centres, 10 museums, 6 musical schools, Nakhchivan Tourism Information Center, the centre of Nakhchivan studies, 3 cultural and rest-time parks, “Ganjlik” Center, the Diagnostics Treatment Center, Maternity Center, 14 hospitals, State organs and other service infrastructures in Nakhchivan.